The Eye-Q Test Answers

Thank you for taking a few moments to complete the Eye-Q Test*. We hope that the experience was beneficial to you, and wish you good eye health.


True Diabetic eye disease includes diabetic retinopathy, which is a leading cause of blindness in adults - cataract, glaucoma, cornea problems, eye muscle paralysis and several others


False Often there are no early warning signs in the early stages of disease. Visions may not change until the disease becomes severe.


True Everyone with diabetes should get an eye examination through dilated pupils at least once a year. Because diabetic eye disease usually has no symptoms, regular eye exams are important for early detection and timely treatment.


True In some people, blood vessels in the retina may swell and leak fluid. In other people, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina.


False Glaucoma is two to four times as likely to occur in people with diabetes than in those without the disease.


True In laser surgery, an intense beam of light is used to shrink the abnormal blood vessels or seal leaking blood vessels. Laser surgery has been proved to reduce the risk of vision loss from advanced diabetic retinopathy by 60%.


True An eye examination through dilated pupils is the best way to detect diabetic eye disease, in which drops are used to enlarge the pupils. This allows the eye care professional to see more of the inside of the eye to check for signs of the disease.


True People with diabetes are twice as likely to develop cataracts at an earlier age than are those without diabetes.


True People with diabetes have a much higher risk of corneal problems (diabetic keratopathy), eye muscle paralysis causing double vision (diabetic cranial neuropathy), optic nerve disease (both glaucoma and ischemic optic neuropathy) and retinal disease (diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy and retinal vascular occlusion).


False Good control of blood glucose is very important in overall management of diabetes, but may not prevent diabetic eye disease. All people with diabetes should have an eye examination through dilated pupils at least once a year.


True With early detection and timely treatment, the risk of blindness from diabetic eye disease can be reduced.


False Many people with serious eye disease, including diabetic eye disease, have excellent vision on the eye chart test in the earlier stages of their disease, when treatment is most beneficial.

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For more information on diabetic eye disease, click on or write to:

National Eye Health Education Program
National Eye Institute
2020 Vision Place
Bethesda, MD 20892-3655

* Adapted Source:
National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services

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